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What is Potassium Persulfate?

Views: 6     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-04-23      Origin: Site

Potassium Persulfate is a strong oxidizing agent with the chemical formula K2S2O8. It is also known as potassium peroxydisulfate and is a white crystalline powder that dissolves in water to give an acidic solution. Potassium Persulfate is highly reactive and can initiate polymerization reactions when mixed with certain monomers.

Properties of Potassium Persulfate

Potassium Persulfate has several notable properties, including:

Physical Properties

  • Molecular weight: 270.31 g/mol

  • Melting point: 100°C

  • Boiling point: Decomposes before boiling

  • Density: 2.477 g/cm3

Chemical Properties

  • Solubility in water: 63 g/100 mL (20°C)

  • pH of a 1% aqueous solution: 2.1-2.3

  • Oxidation potential: 2.01 V

  • Reduction potential: -0.70 V

Applications of Potassium Persulfate

Potassium Persulfate finds a wide range of applications across various industries. Some of the most prominent applications include:

Textile Industry

Potassium Persulfate is used in the textile industry as a bleaching agent for wool, silk, and other textiles. It is also used to remove residual dyes and to bleach cotton and other natural fibers.

Electronics Industry

Potassium Persulfate is used as an etchant for printed circuit boards in the electronics industry. It is used to remove copper from the board, leaving behind the desired circuit pattern.

Polymer Industry

Potassium Persulfate is a popular initiator for the polymerization of acrylic monomers. It is also used in emulsion polymerization reactions and as a crosslinking agent in the production of rubber.

Other Applications

Potassium Persulfate is also used in the pharmaceutical industry for the synthesis of various compounds. It is also used in the water treatment industry to remove metal ions from wastewater.

Safety Measures

Potassium Persulfate is a highly reactive and potentially hazardous compound. Some of the safety measures that must be taken when working with potassium persulfate include:

  • Wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including gloves and goggles.

  • Store Potassium Persulfate in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area.

  • Avoid inhaling or ingesting Potassium Persulfate.

  • Do not mix Potassium Persulfate with other chemicals without proper precautions.

  • Follow all handling and storage instructions provided by the manufacturer.

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Qi Di Chem (Aozun Chemical) was established in 2003, is specialized in manufacturing persulfate series products (Ammonium Persulfate, Sodium Persulfate, Potassium Persulfate).


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